Great Q&A with Luis Moreno Ocampo, Chief Prosecutor of the ICC:
FP: Tell us about the ICC’s involvement in Darfur, and specifically, the case against Bashir. For example, what evidence do you have to implicate him on the intent to commit genocide?
LMO: In February 2007, we presented the first case on Darfur [consisting of] the attacks against the villages mainly inhabited by the Fur, the Masalit and the Zaghawa ethnic groups. The modus operandi was, [government organized militias] would surround villages that had no [Darfuri] rebel presence, helicopters or planes would drop bombs, and the government forces attacked the village.
Since June 2007, and particularly in December, I [was told] to focus my investigation on the crimes committed in the camps. In the camps, the attacks are more subtle. There are two weapons: rape and hunger. It’s normal for women [who are] going to look for firewood to be raped, the same way that for you it’s normal on Sunday afternoon for you to get a parking place at the supermarket.
You have to understand that Bashir and his government are a very smart people. They’re not a failed state. When they saw the reaction [to village attacks,] the method [became] more silent: raping and hunger. They don’t need gas chambers; they don’t need machetes, because they have the desert to kill them. They are hindering humanitarian assistance. That’s a subtle way to commit a genocide today.